Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 112-119
Effect of Different Softeners on Dimensional Stability and Color Fastness Properties of Stretch Denim Fabric
Faruq Hosen, Department of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Md. Zayedul Hasan, Department of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
A. K. M. Ayatullah Hosne Asif, Department of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Received: Oct. 16, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 28, 2020;       Published: Nov. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aas.20200504.13      View  27      Downloads  11
Abstract
This study was designed to investigate the effect of different softeners on dimensional stability and color fastness properties of stretch denim fabric. Stretch denim fabric was washed using enzyme concentration of 4.0 g/l for 30 minutes in 40°C temperature at pH 5.5 and then different softeners were applied in conjunction with standard recipes. Different color fastness properties, dimensional stability were analyzed in combination with enzyme wash and stone enzyme wash along with cationic, anionic, nonionic, micro silicone, macro silicone and nano silicone softeners. Stone enzyme wash treated with different softeners on stretch denim fabric demonstrated better performance in case of different color fastness properties rather than enzyme wash. No significant change was observed for application of different kinds of softeners on enzyme wash and stone enzyme treated stretch denim fabric regarding the grade of color change and color staining for color fastness to light and color fastness to water. Silicone-based softeners illustrated better performance for color fastness to washing than other softeners for both enzyme wash and stone enzyme wash. Cationic softener proven excellent durability and suitability towards multiple washes rather than other softeners. The GSM of stretch denim fabric also increased accordingly after applying different softeners rather than untreated stretch denim fabric. From scanning electron microscope images, stretch denim fabric sample treated with enzyme and cationic, micro silicone softeners implied less ruptures and less cracks rather than stone enzyme treated with cationic, micro silicone softeners.
Keywords
Stretch Denim, Washing, Softener, Color Fastness, Shrinkage
To cite this article
Faruq Hosen, Md. Zayedul Hasan, A. K. M. Ayatullah Hosne Asif, Effect of Different Softeners on Dimensional Stability and Color Fastness Properties of Stretch Denim Fabric, Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 112-119. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20200504.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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