Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 88-96
Assessment of the Mechanical Properties of Marble and Granite Dust-High Impact Polystyrene Composites
Mohamed Mohamed Karbous, Design and Production Engineering Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Ayman Abd El Wahab, Design and Production Engineering Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Ramadan El Gamasy, Design and Production Engineering Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif, Design and Production Engineering Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Received: Aug. 25, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 10, 2020;       Published: Oct. 22, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aas.20200503.16      View  62      Downloads  29
Experimental work has been carried out to study the effect of adding marble and Granite dust (MGD) on the mechanical properties of high impact polystyrene (HIPS). The selected wt.% of MGD was 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60. MGD was chemically treated by adding 2 wt.% stearic acid in an attempt to prevent agglomeration of the dust particles. Mechanical tests were conducted according to the ASTM standards to assess the bending strength and impact strength for both treated and untreated MGD-HIPS composites and also, Vickers hardness test was carried out. SEM analysis was also performed to interpret the results achieved throughout different tests. Surface modification of MGD particles using stearic acid caused better dispersion of MGD particles which lead to reduced agglomerations and this was observed through the SEM micrographs. Bending and impact strength of MGD-HIPS composite decreased by the increase of MGD content in the treated and untreated cases. On the other hand the increase of MGD content resulted in the increase of the surface hardness of treated and untreated MGD-HIPS composites. Surface treatment of the MGD particles using stearic acid had a greater effect on the surface hardness of the composite as the treatment allowed the production of a 70 wt.% MGD-HIPS composite plate which lead to an increase in the surface hardness of the composite by 130% compared to pure HIPS.
Marble and Granite Dust, High Impact Polystyrene, Stearic Acid, Bending Strength, Impact Strength, Vickers Hardness, SEM
To cite this article
Mohamed Mohamed Karbous, Ayman Abd El Wahab, Ramadan El Gamasy, Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif, Assessment of the Mechanical Properties of Marble and Granite Dust-High Impact Polystyrene Composites, Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 88-96. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20200503.16
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
M. Y. Celik, "Geological and technical characterisation of Iscehisar (Afyon-Turkey) marble deposits and the impact of marble waste on environmental pollution," Journal of Environmental Management 87, pp. 106-116, 2008.
S. M. El-Haggar, "Industrial Solid Wastes Utilization and Disposal," in Environmental Engineering, Sixth Edition. Environmental Health and Safety for Municipal Infrastructure, Land Use and Planning, and Industry, New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
M. I. El-Gammal, "Health Risk Assessment of Marble Dust at Marble Workshops," Nature and Science, 2011.
R. A. Hamza, "Marble and Granite Waste: Characterization and Utilization in Concrete Bricks," International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, vol. 1, no. 4, 2011.
M. Ozcelik, "Environmental pollution and its effect on water sources from marble quarries in western Turkey," Environ Earth Sci, 2016.
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, "Egyptian exports of marble and granite from 2008 to 2016," Cairo, 2017.
R. A. Eid, Approaching Industrial and Environmental Reform for Shaq al Thuban Marble and Granite Industrial Cluster, Cairo: American University in Cairo, 2011.
D. Zou, Theory and Technology of Rock Excavation for Civil Engineering, Hong Kong: Springer Nature, 2017.
J. Massy, A Little Book about BIG Chemistry, Springer Nature, 2017.
M. Akay, Introduction to Polymer Science and Technology, Ventus Publishing ApS, 2012.
H. F. Mark, Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Wiley, 2007.
M. Alger, Polymer Science Dictionary, Towcester, Northants UK: Springer Nature, 2017.
J. M. Sosa, "Methods for Production of High Impact Polystyrene". United States Patent US 2011/0201757 A1, 18 August 2011.
F. Soriano-Corral, "Synthesis and Characterization of High Impact Polystyrene from a Heterogeneous Styrene-Rubber-Polystyrene Solution: Influence of PS Concentration on the Phase Inversion, Morphology and Impact Strength," Macromolecular Symposia, pp. 177-183, 2013.
Y. WANG, POLYMER COMPOSITE, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 451-460, 2004.
A. Mashaly, "Characterization of The Marble Sludge of The Shaq El Thoaban Industrial Zone, Egypt and Its Compatibility for Various Recycling Applications," Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 6, no. 3, 2012.
S. R. Mihajlović, "Mechanism of stearic acid adsorption to calcite," Powder Technology, vol. 245, p. 208–216, 2013.
R. Rothon, in Fillers for Polymer Applications, Switzerland, Springer Nature, 2017.
Browse journals by subject