Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 28-34
Maritime Education Training Assessment Based Electronic Chart Display and Information System
Sun Yang, Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China
Peng Xinya, Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China
Ding Zexuan, Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China
Received: Apr. 9, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 27, 2020;       Published: May 14, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aas.20200502.12      View  156      Downloads  39
By the amendment adopted at MSC 86, ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System) has become mandatory for most ships from 2012. Every deck officer must be familiar with the operation of ECDIS. According to the STCW amendment, Training requirements, both in the use of ECDIS, in general and the specific models onboard, are increasing. Basically, every maritime education training institute will offer ECDIS training with simulators. Training statistics in China are shown in this paper. With the emergence of new concepts and situations, ECDIS training faces different challenges from the training results, new technology, new content and maritime cybersecurity, such as 3D ECDIS, ECDIS modernization, VR technology, and COC (Certificate of Competency) revalidation. This paper assesses the general situation of Maritime Education and Training (MET) in China, especially the ECDIS simulator training. Traditional applications of ECDIS are listed including AIS, VTS, anti-collision, pilotage and ship management. To handle these challenges, this paper presents the countermeasures respectively. The concept “MET collaboration/union” and “MET Cloud” are proposed for the first time. At the same time, this paper suggests all MET institutions should use the unified ECDIS training textbook and keep it updated to meet the challenges. The measures of cybersecurity free are also mentioned, including referring to relevant international and industry standards and best practices. Totally, the final aim is to improve and enhance the outcomes of ECDIS training for safe and efficient navigation on board.
STCW, ECDIS Training, MET Assessment, Challenges and Countermeasures
To cite this article
Sun Yang, Peng Xinya, Ding Zexuan, Maritime Education Training Assessment Based Electronic Chart Display and Information System, Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 28-34. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20200502.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ren S-TC, Xue-Feng. The function and application of ECDIS. Journal of Guangzhou Maritime College. 2005; 13 (1): 15-7.
The Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. Report on China Seafarer Development 2018. 2019.
Lloyd’s Register Report, “Global Maritime Trends 2030”.
Transas Report, “Future trends and new challenges in maritime simulation”.
AMR, M. I. and AHMED, K. T. Educational technology in MET simulator based training and information technology in MET. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IJME). Vol. 4, Issue 3, Apr - May 2015, 1-10.
Liu, T, Zhao, D. P., Pan, M. Y. Generating 3D Depiction for a Future ECDIS Based on Digital Earth. THE JOURNAL OF NAVIGATION (2014), 67, 1049–1068.
IHO S-100. Universal Hydrographic Data Model. Edition 1.0.0. International Hydrographic Organization, Monaco (2010).
Chen, Y. L. and Xiao, Y. J. ECDIS Training in China: from International to National. Proceedings of the 13th Annual General Assembly of the IAMU. 2012, pp. 35-41.
International Maritime Organization. NCSR 7-22-5 - Report on monitoring of ECDIS issues by IHO (IHO). NSCR Committee. 2019.
Zhang Y-PC, Yu-Chi; Zhang, Ji-Ping. ECDIS simulator education and training: demand, problem and countermeasures. Navigation Education Research. 2020; 37 (1).
International Maritime Organization. MSC-FAL. 1-Circ. 3 - Guidelines On Maritime Cyber Risk Management (Secretariat). MSC Committee. 2017.
Wu X-FX, You. Marine Cyber Security: Cross-border challenges of shipping and shipping industry. China Ship Survey. 2017.
Society CC. Guidelines for Survey of Electronic chart display and information system(ECDIS). CCS Guidance Notes. 2012.
Kastrisios C, Pilikou M. Nautical cartography competences and their effect to the realisation of a worldwide Electronic Navigational Charts database, the performance of ECDIS and the fulfilment of IMO chart carriage requirements. Marine Policy. 2017; 75: 29-37.
Kavallieratos G, Diamantopoulou V, Katsikas S. Shipping 4.0: Security requirements for the Cyber-Enabled Ship. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. 2020: 1-.
Kazimierski W, Stateczny A. Radar and Automatic Identification System Track Fusion in an Electronic Chart Display and Information System. Journal of Navigation. 2015; 68 (6): 1141-54.
Liu T, Han X, Yang J, Kuang L. A Unified Indexing Strategy for the Mixed Data of a Future Marine GIS. Journal of Navigation. 2017; 70 (4): 735-47.
Liu T, Zhao D, Pan M. An approach to 3D model fusion in GIS systems and its application in a future ECDIS. Computers & Geosciences. 2016; 89: 12-20.
Liu T, Zhao D-P, Pan M-Y, Bai K. Fusing Multiscale Charts into 3D ENC Systems Based on Underwater Topography and Remote Sensing Image. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2015.
Perera LP, Soares CG. Weather routing and safe ship handling in the future of shipping. Ocean Engineering. 2017; 130: 684-95.
Saravanan K, Aswini S, Kumar R, Son LH. How to prevent maritime border collision for fisheries?-A design of Real-Time Automatic Identification System. Earth Science Informatics. 2019; 12 (2): 241-52.
Svilicic B, Kamahara J, Celic J, Bolmsten J. Assessing ship cyber risks: a framework and case study of ECDIS security. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. 2019; 18 (3): 509-20.
Svilicic B, Rudan I, Jugovic A, Zec D. A Study on Cyber Security Threats in a Shipboard Integrated Navigational System. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2019; 7 (10).
Tam K, Jones K. MaCRA: a model-based framework for maritime cyber-risk assessment. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. 2019; 18 (1): 129-63.
Tsou M-C. Multi-target collision avoidance route planning under an ECDIS framework. Ocean Engineering. 2016; 121: 268-78.
Turna I, Ozturk OB. A causative analysis on ECDIS-related grounding accidents. Ships and Offshore Structures. 2019.
Zhang X-Y, Ji M-J, Yao S, Chen X. Optimising Feeder Routing for Container Ships through an Electronic Chart Display and Information System. Journal of Navigation. 2015; 68 (5): 848-68.
Browse journals by subject